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Garden Cities of Tomorrow


Ebenezer Howard, London 1902



So much has been written about Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928) and his garden city concept that this note is scarcely needed. His formal education was limited, and at twenty- one he came to America where in Nebraska he discovered he was not meant to be a farmer. At Chicago he used his knowledge of shorthand to obtained works as a reporter for the courts and newspapers. By 1876 he was back in England where he found a job with a firm producing the official Parliamentary reports, and it was at this occupation that he spent the rest of his life. Howard read widely and thought deeply about social issues, and out of this concern came his book in 1898 titled To-Morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform. He paid for the printing of his proposal calling for the creation of new towns of limited size, planned in advance, and surrounded by a permanent belt of agricultural land.


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 Master Plan of Phnom Penh by 2020

CHHAY Rithisen, (director of the Office of the Urban Affair of the Municipality of Phnom Penh) and Eric HUYBRECHTS, (Adviser of the Governor) / March 2009


The Municipality of Phnom Penh elaborated the Master Plan of town planning of the capital on the horizon 2020 in support of the French cooperation. This work falls under the policy of the Government aiming to improve the Governorship and to reinforce the State of law by installing the legal and institutional tools intended to manage the Regional planning. The preceding document of planning of the metropolis Phnom Penh was adopted in 1950. This directing master plan was the principal tool of orientation of the urban development of the period which extends from Independence to the war. Today, the institutional stability of Cambodia and the mobilization of the Cambodian and foreign technical skills make it possible to again consider the establishment of a planning strategic and the installation of tools legislature, institutional and financial for better controlling the development of the capital.


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Cambodian's New Khmer Architecture

By Ron Gluckman / Phnom Penh, Cambodia, March 2008


Around Asia, great civilizations gave rise to stunning architectural styles, but all long ago. In recent centuries, aside from the colonial cities, most architectural innovation has been religious and ceremonial rather than urban in nature. One exception came in the flowering of independence in Cambodia, when an unprecedented building boom led by Vann Molyvann created New Khmer ArchitecureNew Architectural Forms Arise rarely, and unpredictably. The flourishing of Khmer society in Cambodia a thousand years ago gave birth to a series of magnificent stone temples at world-famous Angkor. The massive towers and exquisite carvings blend Hindu and Buddhist features, but in unique Khmer style.


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Cambodian Capital's Colonial Architecture Disappearing

Robert Carmichael | Phnom Penh, Thursday, 03 June 2010


Cambodia's capital city Phnom Penh is relatively young and most of its buildings only two or three stories tall. But that is changing. Much of the city's century-old French colonial architecture is being demolished, to make way for modern high-rises. Over the past decade, Cambodia has seen dramatic economic growth. While that has created jobs and brought new infrastructure to one of Asia's poorest countries, it also means that the capital's old French colonial architecture is being rapidly replaced with modern high-rises.

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Why traditional Khmer Houses Are Disappearing ?

The Cambodia Daily , WEEKEND Saturday, February 1-2, 2003 


One of the missing pages in Cambodian history concerns the way people lived during the Angkorian era. Brick and stone monuments can testify to the talent of its builders and artists, but barring a few details on bas-reliefs at the Bayon temple, little is left to show how people spent their days in towns and villages around Angkor. The jungle wasted no time reclaiming the land on which wooden houses were built and abandoned in the 15th century. Now, a whole aspect of Cambodian traditional life may be erased again. "I'm worried that Khmer houses will be destroyed by time and new styles," said Hok Sokol, an architect and urban planner. "If we don't do research and document them in books soon, all these houses will disappear from Cambodia," he said. 

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